the summit k2 wikipedia

He did so from Mount Haramukh which is 210 km (130 miles) to the south. [45], The first climber to reach the summit of K2 twice was Czech climber Josef Rakoncaj. There were over 20 attempts from the Pakistani side this year, all of whom survived and of course the successful 3 summits and descents from the Chinese side. During the initial collision of the Asia and Indian plates, this granitic batholith was buried to depths of about 20 kilometres (12 mi) or more, highly metamorphosed, highly deformed, and partially remelted during the Eocene Period to form gneiss. [18], In 1939, an American expedition led by Fritz Wiessner came within 200 metres (660 ft) of the summit. [37][38], Charles Houston returned to K2 to lead the 1953 American expedition. The Italian climber Fosco Maraini argued in his account of the ascent of Gasherbrum IV that while the name of K2 owes its origin to chance, its clipped, impersonal nature is highly appropriate for so remote and challenging a mountain. The 1986 K2 disaster refers to a period from 6 August to 10 August 1986, when five mountaineers died on K2 in the Karakoram during a severe storm. It is atoms and stars. [b] The Tarim sedimentary basin borders the range on the north and the Lesser Himalayas on the south. It makes no attempt to sound human. The first climber to summit K2 twice was a Czech climber Josef Rakoncaj. K2 is part of the Karakoram range.It is located partly in China and partly in Pakistan. Three members of the team made it to the summit on 14 August. Acclimatisation is essential when climbing without oxygen to avoid some degree of altitude sickness. [31] K2 is ranked 22nd by topographic prominence, a measure of a mountain's independent stature, because it is part of the same extended area of uplift (including the Karakoram, the Tibetan Plateau, and the Himalaya) as Mount Everest, in that it is possible to follow a path from K2 to Everest that goes no lower than 4,594 metres (15,072 ft), at the Kora La on the Nepal/China border in the Mustang Lo. [86] It combines documentary footage with dramatized recreations of the events of the K2 disaster, during which – on the way to and from the summit – 11 climbers died during a short time span, creating one of the worst catastrophes in climbing history. Summit Learning was created by educators for educators, and it incorporates decades of scientific research that hasn't made its way into the majority of American classrooms. The Japanese expedition took the Abruzzi Spur, and used more than 1,500 porters. [13], The mountain was first surveyed by a European team in 1856. x 26 in. It is now also used in the Balti language, rendered as Kechu or Ketu[10]. The cinematography of The Summit is spectacular, with stunning aerial footage that captures the hypnotizing mix of awe, fear, danger, and mystery K2 evokes that drives so many climbers to take the ultimate risk. "[5] Of the five highest mountains in the world, K2 is the deadliest; approximately one person dies on the mountain for every four who reach the summit. Much of the documentary footage was captured by … It is considered to be harder to climb than Mount Everest. For example, a fault separates the K2 gneiss of the east face of K2 from limestones and slates comprising nearby Skyang Kangri. With Christine Barnes, Hoselito Bite, Walter Bonatti, Marco Confortola. It may have been a compound name invented by Western explorers[16] or simply a bemused reply to the question "What's that called? While the name was rejected by the Royal Geographical Society,[13] it was used on several maps and continues to be used occasionally.[17][18]. In places, the paragneisses include clinopyroxene-hornblende-bearing psammites, garnet (grossular)-diopside marbles, and biotite-graphite phyllites. Despite many attempts there have been no successful winter ascents. [12], The policy of the Great Trigonometrical Survey was to use local names for mountains wherever possible[a] and K1 was found to be known locally as Masherbrum. ", "K2: details on the fight for Vitaly Gorelik", "K2 summit pics and video: Polish climbers on a roll", "New Zealand mountaineer and son feared dead on K2", "First Pakistan team of climbers scale K2 summit", "First All-Female Nepalese Team Summits K2", "Everest Isn't the Only Mountain that Matters", "Vanessa thanks Pakistan govt for help in scaling K-2", "Vanessa O'Brien, John Snorri set record as 12 scale Mt K2", "K2 2018 Summer Coverage: Record Weekend on K2 and a Death", "K2 summiteer Anja Blacha: "More flexible on the mountain without breathing mask, "Vitaly Gorelik Dies On K2 - Alpinist.com", "Climbers Set Off to Be First to Summit World's Most Notorious Mountain in Winter", "Polish Heading to K2 for First Winter Ascent Attempt", "Poland's 'ice warriors' risk life and limb to be first to summit K2 in winter", "K2 remains notoriously savage during winter", "Asia, Pakistan, Karakoram, Baltoro Muztagh, K2, Various Ascents and Records in the Anniversary Year", "Medical Problems in High Mountain Environments. There are a number of routes on K2, of somewhat different character, but they all share some key difficulties, the first being the extremely high altitude and resulting lack of oxygen: there is only one-third as much oxygen available to a climber on the summit of K2 as there is at sea level. In most directions, it achieves over 2,800 metres (9,200 ft) of vertical relief in less than 4,000 metres (13,000 ft). K2, lokalt kallat Dapsang eller Chogori, även känt som Mount Godwin Austen eller Qogir Feng, [3] är världens näst högsta berg med en höjd på 8 611 meter över havet. Bonatti was given the blame for Mehdi's hospitalization. All major climbing routes lie on the Pakistani side, which is also where base camp is located. Wickwire endured an overnight bivouac about 150 metres (490 ft) below the summit, one of the highest bivouacs in history. This may have been due to its remoteness. He concluded that it was: ... just the bare bones of a name, all rock and ice and storm and abyss. It is located partly in China and partly in Pakistan. Besides the original Japanese ascent, a notable ascent of the North Ridge was the one in 1990 by Greg Child, Greg Mortimer, and Steve Swenson, which was done alpine style above Camp 2, though using some fixed ropes already put in place by a Japanese team.[79]. This ascent was emotional for the American team, as they saw themselves as completing a task that had been begun by the 1938 team forty years earlier. The summit was first reached in 1954, by Italian climbers Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni. The K2 Gneiss is separated from the surrounding sedimentary and metasedimentary rocks of the surrounding Karakoram Metamorphic Complex by normal faults. [27], In addition to these notable successes, about 300 people have climbed to the top of the mountain.[4]. The previous successes had been from the Pakistan side. [30][31] This is much less than the 5,600 who have made it to the top of Everest. The north side is the steepest: there it rises over 3,200 metres (10,500 ft) above the K2 (Qogir) Glacier in only 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) of horizontal distance. 3. Directed by Nick Ryan. The label K2 is still the name by which the mountain is commonly known. Four other members made it to the summit the next day, on 15 August. [5] There have been 86 deaths during attempted climbs, according to the list maintained on the list of deaths on eight-thousanders. [21], The second success was not until 23 years after the first. [10] It does form the basis for the name Qogir (simplified Chinese: 乔戈里峰; traditional Chinese: 喬戈里峰; pinyin: Qiáogēlǐ Fēng) which the Chinese government uses as the official name of the mountain. [16] After five attempts the team only made it to 6,525 metres (21,407 ft). It took fourteen days for them to reach the foot of the mountain. On the west face of Broad Peak and south spur of K2, lamprophyre dikes, which consist of clinopyroxene and biotite-porphyritic vogesites and minettes, have intruded the K2 gneiss. On 1 August 2008, 11 climbers from several expeditions died during a series of accidents,[50][78] including several ice falls in the Bottleneck. This is the southeast ridge of the peak, rising above the Godwin-Austen Glacier. Near the memorial to the climbers who have died on K2, above Base Camp on the south spur, thin impure marbles with quartzites and mica schists, called the Gilkey-Puchoz sequence, are interbanded within the orthogneisses. While the name was rejected by the Royal Geographical Society,[7] it was used on several maps and is still used once in a while.[11][12]. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia K2 is the second highest mountain in the world, at 8,611 metres (28,251 ft). The expedition was led by Ardito Desio, and the two climbers who reached the summit were Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni. Piotrowski fell to his death as the two were descending. This would eventually become part of the standard route, but was abandoned at the time due to its steepness and difficulty. K2 is the second highest mountain in the world, at 8,611 metres (28,251 ft). They concluded that the Abruzzi Spur was the most practical route and reached a height of around 8,000 metres (26,000 ft) before turning back due to diminishing supplies and the threat of bad weather. [9] There is not much evidence for its widespread use, however. Liliane and Maurice Barrard who had summitted later that day, fell during the descent; Liliane Barrard's body was found on 19 July 1986 at the foot of the south face.[47]. It makes no attempt to sound human. Other members were scientists, a doctor, a photographer, and others. Then three years later he made the summit again as part of an international expedition. [74] In 1986, two Polish expeditions summitted via two new routes, the Magic Line[48] and the Polish Line (Jerzy Kukuczka and Tadeusz Piotrowski). This was in honor of Henry Godwin-Austen who had been an early explorer of the area. It is rarely climbed, partly due to very difficult access, involving crossing the Shaksgam River, which is a hazardous undertaking. At least 80 people have died trying to climb it. It stands over 3,000 metres (9,840 ft) above much of the glacial valley bottoms at its base. On RN Breakfast with Fran Kelly ... reaching the summit of K2, during winter. K2 (također Mount Godwin-Austen, Lambha Pahar, Chogori, Kechu, Dapsang) je planina na granici Pakistana i Kine, u lancu Karakorum, dijelu lanca Himalaje.S nadmorskom visinom od 8611 metara, poslije Mount Everesta druga najviÅ¡a planina na svijetu. This latter route has never been repeated. The other peaks were originally named K1, K3, K4, and K5, but were eventually renamed Masherbrum, Gasherbrum IV, Gasherbrum II, and Gasherbrum I, respectively. 2001 (Paperback by National Geographic Society, ISBN 978-0792264248, 2002) K2 Kahani by Mustansar Hussain Tarrad, in Urdu. The ascent is controversial because Lacedelli and Compagnoni established their camp at a higher elevation than originally agreed with Mehdi and Bonatti. [79] In contrast to the crowds of climbers and trekkers at the Abruzzi basecamp, usually at most two teams are encamped below the North Ridge. Himalaya-Info.org page on K2 (German) How high is K2 really?—Measurements in 1996 gave 8614.27±0.6 m a.m.s.l; Aleister Crowley's account of the 1902 K2 expedition; The climbing history of K2 from the first attempt in 1902 until the Italian success in 1954. The attempt ended in failure after a storm pinned down the team for 10 days at 7,800 metres (25,590 ft), during which time climber Art Gilkey became critically ill. A desperate retreat followed, during which Pete Schoening saved almost the entire team during a mass fall (known simply as The Belay), and Gilkey was killed, either in an avalanche or in a deliberate attempt to avoid burdening his companions. About K2 Summit. After looking for and not finding other routes, the Duke said that K2 would never be climbed. They managed to reach 7,200 metres above sea level (Vitaly Gorelik, Valery Shamalo and Nicholas Totmyanin), but had to retreat due to hurricane-force winds as well as, 2017/2018 — Polish National Winter Expedition led by, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 07:06. [23] A corrected measurement was made in 1987, but by then the claim that K2 was the tallest mountain in the world had already made it into many news reports and reference works. The expedition was lead by Isao Shinkai and Masatsugo Konishi. Also on the expedition were Walter Bonatti and Pakistani Hunza porter Amir Mehdi, who both proved vital to the expedition's success in that they carried oxygen tanks to 8,100 metres (26,600 ft) for Lacedelli and Compagnoni. K2 (također Mount Godwin-Austen, Lambha Pahar, Chogori, Kechu, Dapsang) je planina na granici Pakistana i Kine, u lancu Karakorum, dijelu lanca Himalaje.S nadmorskom visinom od 8611 metara, poslije Mount Everesta druga najviÅ¡a planina na svijetu. [2], K2 is notable for its local relief as well as its total height. K2 lies in the northwestern Karakoram Range. One member of the expedition (Colonel Muhammad Ata-ullah of Pakistan) had been part of the 1953 American attempt as well. In the early 1900s, modern transportation did not exist in the region: it took "fourteen days just to reach the foot of the mountain". There are a number of routes on K2, of somewhat different character, but they all share some key difficulties, the first being the extremely high altitude and resulting lack of oxygen: there is only one-third as much oxygen available to a climber on the summit of K2 as there is at sea level. Although the summit of Everest is at a higher altitude, K2 is a more difficult and dangerous climb, due in part to its more inclement weather. An in-depth video account of my 2014 summit of K2 to raise awareness and research funds for Alzheimer's Disease. But it's just the 10th-deadliest mountain in the Himalayas", "A Note on the Chinese Name for K2, "Qogir, "Confessions of Aleister Crowley, Chapter 16", "Amir Mehdi: Left out to freeze on K2 and forgotten", "K2: The End of a 40-Year American Quest", "The Big Question: What makes K2 the most perilous challenge a mountaineer can face? [5][6] Also occasionally known as Chhogori, or Mount Godwin-Austen,[7] other nicknames for K2 are The King of Mountains and The Mountaineers' Mountain,[8] as well as The Mountain of Mountains after climber Reinhold Messner titled his book about K2 the same. K2 has had a very great number of attempts, the vast majority of which have ended unsuccessfully below the summit and the vast majority of which have not ended in a fatality. [7] The name Chogori, from two Balti words, chhogo ("big") and ri ("mountain") (چھوغوری)[8] has been suggested as a local name. Even though the summit of Everest is higher, K2 is a much more difficult and dangerous climb. Thomas Montgomerie made the first survey of the Karakoram range. It was also revealed that the moving of the camp was deliberate, a move apparently made because Compagnoni feared being outshone by the younger Bonatti. Can you explain some of the reasons those people didn’t return? The policy of the Great Trigonometrical Survey was to use local names for mountains when possible. 13. capacity electric winch, scraper and deflector kit, plow marker kit, skid shoe kit and caster kit. 152–157 in chapter "Rhythms of Rapture", List of tallest mountains in the Solar System, "Karakoram and India/Pakistan Himalayas Ultra-Prominences", "Summiting 'Savage Mountain': The harrowing story of these Washington climbers' K2 ascent", "Russian team to try winter climb of world's 2nd-highest peak", "A Note on the Chinese Name for K2, "Qogir, "How High Is Everest? On the way down, 150 m (500 ft) below the summit, they found Wolf asleep in the snow and persuaded her to descend. [44], Another notable Japanese ascent was that of the difficult North Ridge on the Chinese side of the peak in 1982. Best of 1 round robin group. [4] K2 has never been climbed during the winter.[6]. [26], In 2018, Polish climber Andrzej Bargiel became the first person to ski down K2 after he made it to the top. [39][40][41], The 1954 Italian Karakoram expedition finally succeeded in ascending to the summit of K2 via the Abruzzi Spur on 31 July 1954. [4] K2 is the highest point of the Karakoram mountain range and the highest point in both Pakistan and Xinjiang. The peak has now been climbed by almost all of its ridges. Thomas Montgomerie made the first survey of the Karakoram from Mount Haramukh, some 210 km (130 mi) to the south, and sketched the two most prominent peaks, labeling them K1 and K2, where the K stands for Karakoram. The other mountains were originally named K1, K3, K4, and K5, but were later changed to use local names. 14. ", "Why K2 Brings Out the Best and Worst in Those Who Climb It", "The World's Most Dangerous Peak Beckons", "Climber Lists: Everest, K2 and other 8000ers", "Climbers attempt 'impossible' K2 winter ascent", "K2 remains notoriously savage during winter", Story of the 1902 K2 expedition by Aleister Crowley, who was in the group, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=K2&oldid=7150014, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

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